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How Far Have We Come?

  • "Minority College Enrollment Surges Over the Past Two Decades; Students of Color Still Lag Behind Whites in College Participation." American Council on Education. October 8, 2003.
  • "Rutgers Leads the Way in Ethnic Diversity," US News and World Report. September 9, 2008
  • Chart, Black enrollment in colleges, 1960-1970. The New York Times. October 17, 1971.
  • Ricci v. DeSteffano overview from

In the decades which followed the Conklin Hall takeover and other student demonstrations, Rutgers University established new policies in enrollment and hiring in order to diversify its campuses. While the Rutgers campuses of 1968 boasted a total enrollment of over 10,500 students a mere 289 were black or 2.7%. Today with a diversity index of 0.74 out of a possible 1.0, Rutgers is considered to be one of the most diverse universities in the country.

These are the enrollment figures for the 2008-2009 academic year for the New Brunswick, Newark, and Camden campuses (note: Douglas College ceased to exist as a separate College in June 2007).

Campus Minority Percentage
RU Newark % Students Black 16.2
% Students Hispanic 13.0
% Students Native American 0.2
RU New Brunswick % Students Black 9.0
% Students Hispanic 7.3
% Students Native American 0.2
RU Camden % Students Black 14.4
% Students Hispanic 6.6
% Students Native American 0.2

Additionally, the University committed to hiring additional minority faculty members as a result of the BOS demands. The 2008-2009 Rutgers University faculty demographics conclude that as of last academic year, 4% of the faculty was black and 2.3% was Latino.

Links to Documents and Chart

Affirmative Action is needed to level the playing field for all Americans
In our increasingly diverse society Affirmative Action is no longer necessary
The Enduring Relevance of Affirmative Action Diversity and the Myth of White Privilege
Thomas Carlyle and Affirmative Action President Obama Goes Over the Top on Affirmative Action
Ban Would Spell Bad News for Minorities Affirmative Re-Action


You will research the demographic makeup for six US universities and note the enrollment information specifically for Blacks, Hispanics and Native-Americans. These schools must come from distinctly different geographic regions of the country.

Here are nine examples of geographic regions (please choose six regions and do not limit yourself to the states used as examples): New England (i.e Maine, Massachusetts), Mid-Atlantic (i.e. New York, Pennsylvania), Southeast (i.e. Virginia, Georgia), Midwest (i.e. Ohio, Illinois), Deep South (i.e. Mississippi, Louisiana), Central Plains (i.e. Oklahoma, Nebraska), Northern Plains (i.e. North Dakota, Montana), Southwest (i.e. New Mexico, Arizona), West (i.e. Washington, Oregon). You may find the following website useful for some public universities:, or you may consult individual school websites for demographic information.